Age-related macular degeneration
This refers to a degenerative condition of the macula, which is responsible for your central vision (the area that you are using to read this text or to look at objects of interest). This occurs when the cells in the retina fail to properly dispose of metabolic waste appropriately and it gets released beneath the retinal pigmented epithelium (the base layer of the retina), creating these yellow spots on the macula that can be easily seen on the fundus photo and OCT image.
There is no cure for this condition. However, depending on the stage of the disease process, there are different ways to slow down this progression. The earlier on in the disease the diagnosis is made, the more likely we are able to attempt to slow down its progression. People with immediate family members do have a higher risk of
The video below produced by Macular Disease Foundation Australia illustrates how macular degeneration can affect your eyes.